New software presented by AlgoSurg looks to turns 2D X-rays into 3D images to aid surgeons.
Here we look at one of the start-ups at Indian Institutes of Technology Bombay’s Society for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (Sine).
The AlgoSurg team are developing the world’s first cloud-based software for orthopaedic surgeons. The software accurately simulates orthopaedic surgeries by transforming 2D X-rays into 3D images. The 3D images will help surgeons to make more accurate surgical decisions at a reduced cost.
The Patient Specific surgical Instrumentation (PSI) will be available within minutes in a 3D printed form. This then is used to perform accurate bone cuts in less time, further reducing costs.
As we know, existing methods of planning orthopaedic surgeries are based on 2D X-ray images. Usually they are performed using standard design instruments. Ultimately this leads to an inaccurate patient outcome and lost time. Therefore, lost time is lost money.
To acquire more accurate 3D patient specific solutions is just as time consuming. This is based on CT scans which are very costly. The software uses machine inexpensive and radiation safe 2D X-ray images and transforms them into 3D images.
The technology to transform 2D X-rays into 3D images, disrupts the CT scan based method. 2D X-ray images are low cost, radiation safe, highly available and so much more portable as there is less data involved.
Dr. Vikas Karade holds a B.Tech+M.Tech from IIT-Bombay and soon to finish his PhD. His PhD research involves the development of an algorithm named as XrayTo3D. The development team includes Dr Vikas Karade, PhD Research Scholar, and Amit Maurya, BETiC, IIT Bombay, with inputs from Dr. Manish Agarwal, Hinduja Hospital.
The algorithm has been implemented in TABPlan, a tablet-based software for planning surgeries related to knee arthritis and bone deformities.